With a surface area of 238,391 square kilometres Romania is the largest country in Southeastern Europe. Its terrain is distributed roughly equally between mountainous, hilly and lowland territories. The Carpathian Mountains dominate the centre of Romania, with 14 mountain ranges reaching above 2,000 m/6,600 ft. These are surrounded by the Moldavian and Transylvanian plateaus and Pannonian and Wallachian plains. A large part of Romania's border with Serbia and Bulgaria is formed by the Danube. Prut River, one of its major tributaries, forms the border with the Republic of Moldova. The Danube flows into the Black Sea within Romania's territory forming the Danube Delta, the second largest and the best preserved delta in Europe, and a biosphere reserve and a biodiversity World Heritage Site.
What to See & Do
Transylvanian cities such as Sibiu, Brayov, Sighiayoara, Cluj-Napoca, Targu Mureay attract with their medieval atmosphere and castles.
Food & Drink
The Romanian cuisine is distinct but has influences from other European countries. You can spot similarities to Greek, German, and Italian cuisine. Here's a sample of some of the local foods you'll find:
Mamaliga - ground corn dish, similar to Italian polenta and American grits. Often combined with cheese and sour cream; Sarmale - minced meat and rice wrapped in pickled cabbage; Mici - grilled stick of minced beef and lamb; Ciorba - soups prepared in numerous ways, often with a tomato or cream base. Plus lots of grill meats, sausages (carnati), and breads (paine). If you get thirsty after a heavy meal, try some tuica, a strong plum wine.
Specialist purchases include embroideries, pottery, porcelain, silverware, carpets, ceramics, crystal, glassware, fabrics, wool jumpers, woodcarvings, metal, leather goods, rugs, glass paintings and silk dresses.
The monetary unit in Romania is the Romanian New Lei & there are approximately 5.47 New Romanian Lei to Â£1.00 (May 2014). Notes are in denominations of Lei 200, 100, 50, 10, 5 and 1.It is recommended that visitors bring Euros, as these can be easily exchanged by shops, restaurants and hotels. Pounds Sterling can be easily exchanged in the resorts, at banks, larger hotels and airports and at authorized exchange offices (Birou de Schimb Valutar). Credit/Debit Cards - American Express, Diners Club, MasterCard and Visa are accepted by large hotels, car hire companies and some restaurants and shops. ATMs (bancomat) accepting MasterCard and Visa can be found in main banks, airports and shopping centers, but should not be relied upon as a sole source of cash.Traveller's Cheques - like credit and debit cards, these are usually only useful in hotels and for obtaining cash at the bank or selected exchange offices. To avoid additional exchange rate charges, travellers are advised to take traveller's cheques in US Dollars or Euros.
Summers are generally very warm to hot, with summer (June to August) average maximum temperatures in the lower part of the country being around 28C (82F).